Chloramines are a group formed by the mixing of chlorine and ammonia. Chloramine is a disinfectant and is added to the drinking water in measured amounts. The chloramine removal process is completely safe for drinking purposes because the amounts of chlorine and ammonia are added under strict monitoring. That specific type of chloramine is termed monochloramine. This article, discusses how to remove chloramine from tap water and make it fit for drinking.
Effects of Chloramine on human health
Water containing chloramine can have the following effects on human health:
- Chloramine can lead to respiratory problems and can worsen them.
- It also damages lung damage. The lungs of a person who inhales chloramine are similar to that of a chain smoker.
- When chloramine comes in contact with the blood, it mixes the hemoglobin and affects proper blood circulation.
- Chloramine is not able to destroy the pathogens in the water. Thus, the chances of getting various diseases increase.
- Chloramine can also cause other health-related issues including sinus congestion, asthma, and shortness of breath.
Effective Ways to Remove Chloramine from Tap Water
Listed below are some of the common and effective methods to remove chloramine from tap water:
The most common and simple method that is mostly used in homes is boiling the water. Boiling the water for 20 minutes helps remove chlorine, chloramine, and ammonia from the water. This proves that chloramine is not a long-lasting chemical and easily evaporates on boiling.
For this purpose, boilers are installed which boil the water for a certain time, and hence, the tap water is free of chloramine.
Although this process is fast, a lot of energy is required for boiling water for good 20 minutes.
2. Chemical Mixing
Certain chemicals help eliminate chloramine from water. Potassium metabisulfite and sodium formaldehyde bisulfite are commonly used for the neutralization of chloramine. A single Campden tablet is sufficient to remove chloramine from approximately 20 gallons of water.
This process of removing chloramine is easy and time-saving. Once the tablet is completely dissolved, the water is free from chloramine. One drawback about this method is the odor of these chemicals is very strong and irritating. It causes an uneasy feeling when smelt directly.
Charcoal or carbon filters are also used for the removal of chloramine from water. The carbon filters remove the chlorine from chloramine. After passing through the carbon filters, the Reverse Osmosis filter is used to eliminate the ammonia, and hence, water, free from chloramine is obtained.
Reverse Osmosis cannot be used alone, as this process is not suitable for water containing chlorine. This process works fast and is used for the removal of both, chlorine and chloramine.
However, this process is a bit expensive as compared to other methods as the filters are costly and do not last more than 6 months. The frequent replacement of the filters is not pocket-friendly. Also, water has to be passed over the new charcoal filters for some time to get rid of the carbon dust. If this is not done, carbon fines are mixed into the water, requiring further more purification methods to eliminate them.
4. Vitamin C
Another method for chloramine removal is by neutralizing it by adding vitamin C. Most commonly, Ascorbic acid is used. this a new method for chlorine and chloramine neutralization. Also, Ascorbic acid is a weak acid and does not cause any harm.
A 1000 mg tablet of Vitamin V is added to a large-sized bathtub. Also, Vitamin C is always considered good for skin so, it can be safely used in baths and showers.
5. UV Light
This is another effective method that is used for removing chloramine from water. The UV Filters can help break down the chlorine and chloramine from water and is an easy method. However, UV lights are not available easily and are a little difficult to find.
Once you get a UV light, you can expose the water to it and that is it. Water exposed to the UV light for longer traces has minimum chlorine and chloramine traces compared to the water exposed for a lesser period of time.
This method is very beneficial as it does not require any chemical mixing and removes chlorine and chloramine both at the same time.
However, UV lights are quite expensive and this process of water purification is not at all budget-friendly. Also, extra precautions should be taken when using UV light as it can cause skin burns, premature aging, and spots.
6. Berkey Water Purification System
The Berkey Water Purifiers are another great way of eliminating chloramine from water. This method is effective in removing chloramine and chlorine and clears the water from parasites, heavy metals, and viruses.
The system works in a great manner and does not remove the essential minerals hence, can easily be used for drinking and cooking as well. the system is easy to maintain and does not require any electricity or water pressure to function.
Getting a Berkey Water Purification system is also easy and quick. Another great thing that you would love to know is that this system comes at a very reasonable price and is not heavy on pocket like other water purification methods.
The only drawback of this system is that it requires deep cleaning every few weeks. But, this is acceptable keeping in mind that you are getting the best-purified water at such an economical price.
Although tap water with very little chloramine does not require mandatory purification, still some people look for various ways to get it purified. It also depends on the amount of chlorine and chloramine in the water.
Water containing high chloramine and other contaminants needs to be purified as it can cause many severe health problems. These were the commonly-used methods for water purification. Keeping in mind your requirement, any of the methods can be opted for getting chloramine-free tap water.